Flax seeds are used as edible oil, a substance in wood finishing products and also as a nutritional enhancement. It is the most liked ornamental plant found in a garden. Plant of flax seeds is used for many important utilizations with the Latin name usitatissimum which means very useful. It mentions to several traditional uses for a human being.
Varieties of flax seeds
Flax seeds are found in brown and yellow or olden type of varieties. We find an equal percentage of short chain omega 3 fatty acids and nutritional characteristics in most of the varieties. It has a peculiar type of yellow-colored flax called solid which is a very lower quantity of omega 3 fatty acids with a fully different oil profile. We find brown flax also palatable as the yellow seeds that have been there for millennia. It is an ingredient used in feeds for cattle, and in the painting industry. Flax seed oil or linseed oil are produced and extracted from flax seeds. It is one of the best commercial oil from ancient period and the best-dissolved type.
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This processed oil is in use from centuries identified as a drying oil in painting and varnishing. 100 gms of flax seed gives about 450 kilocalories 41 gms of fat, 20 gm of protein and 28 gms of fiber. Flax seeds sprouts are suitable to eat by adding little spicy flavor to it. More than the required intake of flax seeds with less water can cause blockage of bowels. In northern India flax seeds are known as “Tisi” are roasted, powdered eating with the combination of cooked rice, water and a required amount of salt in villages from the ancient period.
Need of temperature for flax seeds
Whole flax seeds are stable chemically where as ground flax seeds are rancid at room temperature within a week. If the ground flax seeds are refrigerated and stored in sealed containers then they are found safe from rancid for a long period, when we discuss about the commercial use of flax seeds in bakeries, the trained and practiced sensory panelists cannot find out the difference between bread made of freshly ground flax powder and bread made of only ground flax which is stored for four months at room temperature.
Natural phenolic glycosides
In commercial bread containing flax seeds; there are there phenolic glycosides found like secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, p-coumaric acid, and the last ferulic acid glucoside. There is the high level of dietary fiber in flax seeds and also lignans, more micronutrients, and omega3 fatty acids. It is particularly in women that flax seeds reduce the level of cholesterol. The recent studies advised that the individuals who have breast and prostrates cancer may be benefited by taking flax seeds on a diet.
High level of diabetes can be stabilized by increasingly using the flax seeds. Due to its laxative fiber content, there is some support from flax seeds to intestinal blockage. The efficacy of some oral prescriptions may impair consumption due to its more fiber consistency and have much of effects due to its neurotoxic cyanogen glycosides immune suppressive cyclic nonapeptides.